Arañas rupícolas (Arachnida, Aaneae) del Montcau (Barcelona, España)



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Title: Arañas rupícolas (Arachnida, Aaneae) del Montcau (Barcelona, España)
Authors: Consorci del Museu de Ciències Naturals de Barcelona
Barrientos Alfageme, José Antonio
Nel·lo, Mireia
Brañas, Neus
Mederos López, Jorge
Masó, Glòria
Issue Date: 30-Jun-2014
Keywords: Aranyes
Flora alpina
Spatial coverage: Parc Natural de Sant Llorenç del Munt i de l'Obac (Catalunya)
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Citation: Revista Ibérica de Aracnología, núm. 24 (2014), p. 65-73.
Publisher: Grupo Ibérico de Aracnología
Extent: 9 p.
Abstract: 1.099 spiders are studied, from the highest and rocky areas of Montcau in the Sant Llorenç del Munt i l'Obac natural park.. Most of the spiders were obtained thanks to pitfall traps designed for this purpose. Samples were collected fortnightly from May 2010 to October 2011, except during the winter period. The sample is represented by 72 species belonging to 19 families, where Gnaphosidae and Zodariidae showed the widest and most abundant representation. These results are consistent with the characteristics of the land, a hard and rocky area with a very thin soil layer and scarce vegetation. In these extreme circumstances, Zodarion pseudoelegans Denis, 1933 was the dominant species, accompanied by other Zodariidae, such as Amphiledorus balnearius Jocqué & Bosmans, 2001 and Selamia reticulata (Simon, 1870), although with lower abundance. 18 species of Gnaphosidae are listed, but we highglight the most abundant: Drassodes lapidosus (Walckenaer, 1802), Haplodrassus signifer (C.L.Koch, 1839), Leptodrassus femineus (Simon, 1873), Micaria formicaria (Sundevall, 1831), Nomisia aussereri (L.Koch, 1872), Nomisia exornata (C.L.Koch, 1839), Trachyzelotes bardiae (Caporiacco, 1928) and Zelotes egregioides Senglet, 2011. Particularly striking is the richness of this group, in such a small and seemingly resource-poor environment. Gnaphosidae clearly dominate the scene in this ecosystem in the Montcau area. Also noteworthy is the huge abundance of a small Salticidae, Pseudeuophrys lanigera (Simon, 1871). Another interesting species studied in the area are Xysticus cribratus Simon, 1885 , Thanatus vulgaris Simon, 1870, Liocranum majus Simon, 1878, Agyneta rurestris (C.L. Koch, 1836), Hogna radiata (Latreilla, 1817) and Alopecosa albofasciata (Brullé, 1832). The results suggest that this small group of species constitutes the nucleus of a singular arachno-coenosis, linked to these rupicolous environments. The phenological data of the most prominent species are offered.
Terms of use details: © Sociedad Aragonesa de Entomología (SEA)
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