The meteorite of Barcelona (1704): history, discovery, and classification



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Title: The meteorite of Barcelona (1704): history, discovery, and classification
Authors: Consorci del Museu de Ciències Naturals de Barcelona
Llorca, Jordi
Campeny, Marc
Ibáñez Cortina, Neus
Allepuz, David
Camarasa, Josep Maria
Aurell-Garrido, Josep
Issue Date: 9-Mar-2020
Keywords: Meteorites
Salvador (Family)
Institut Botànic de Barcelona
Spatial coverage: Terrassa (Catalonia)
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Publisher: Wiley
Extent: 38 p.
Abstract: On Christmas Day 1704, at 17 h (UT), a meteorite fell in Terrassa (about 25 km NW of Barcelona). The meteorite fall was seen and heard by many people over an area of several hundred kilometers and it was recorded in several historical sources. In fact, it was interpreted as a divine sign and used for propaganda purposes during the War of the Spanish Succession. Although it was believed that meteorite fragments were never preserved, here we discuss the recent discovery of two fragments (49.8 and 33.7 g) of the Barcelona meteorite in the Salvador Cabinet collection (Botanic Institute of Barcelona). They are very well preserved and partially covered by a fresh fusion crust, which suggests a prompt recovery, shortly after the fall. Analysis of the fragments has revealed that the Barcelona meteorite is an L6 ordinary chondrite. These fragments are among the oldest historical meteorites preserved in the world.
Terms of use details: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Llorca, J., Campeny, M., Ibáñez, N., Allepuz, D., Camarasa, J.M. and Aurell‐Garrido, J. (2020), The meteorite of Barcelona (1704): History, discovery, and classification. Meteorit Planet Sci, which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions (
Appears in Collections:Mineralogia / Articles

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